The American Foxhound is a breed of dog that is a cousin of the English Foxhound. They are scent hounds, bred to hunt foxes by scent.

They are taller and rangier than their cousin, the English Foxhound. Also, this breed is known to have a musical bark, called a bay, when it is hunting that can be heard for miles. Their bay is probably inherited from the Grand Bleu de Gascogne’s signature howl. If competing in a dog show some physical characteristics that judges look for are a slightly domed skull, long, large ears, large eyes, straight muzzle, laid-back shoulders, a moderately long back, fox-like feet, and a slightly curved tail. Though they are traditionally tri-colored (black, white and tan) they can be any color. They are one of the rarest breeds in the AKC.

American Foxhound Characteristics:

Hypoallergenic: No
Life span: 10 – 12 years
Temperament: Intelligent, Sweet-Tempered, Loving, Loyal, Kind, Independent
Weight: Female: 44–64 lbs (20–29 kg), Male: 64–75 lbs (29–34 kg)
Height: Female: 21–24 inches (53–61 cm), Male: 22–25 inches (56–64 cm)
Colors: White, Tri-color, Red, White & Cream, Blue, Tan


The American Foxhound has a very docile and sweet demeanor. A typical Foxhound is gentle, easygoing, and gets along with children and other animals. However, they may act shy and reserved when around strangers.

Activity level

The American Foxhound is a very active breed and very high energy. They require a lot of exercise and do best in habitats where they have room to run. If they live in a suburban area such as a neighborhood, they should have a fenced in yard and be taken on multiple walks per day.


This breed is not generally a breed that carries genetic disorders. However, they can easily become overweight when overfed. A minor health risk in American Foxhounds is thrombocytopathy, or platelet disease. This comes from poorly functioning blood platelets and can result in excessive bleeding from minor bumps or cuts. The treatment is usually based on the severity of the disease. Owners will often have their American Foxhounds undergo blood tests so that the condition can be caught early on. While dysplasia was largely unknown in Foxhounds, it is beginning to crop up occasionally, along with some eye issues. It is not typical or customary for Foxhound breeders to screen for any hereditary disorders at this time. The breed’s lifespan is generally 10–12 years. The American Foxhound is an energetic breed. According to some veterinarians and trainers, it needs plenty of exercise.